Clean Air Act Public Policy Essay – Essay Furious


Clean Air Act Public Policy Essay

I need help with a Science question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

Select a specific example of public policy from one of the following fields:
Economic policy
An example of economic policy is U.S. budget deficit spending.
Education policy

An example of education policy are the implementation of charter schools.
Environmental policy

An example of environmental policy is the Clean Air Act.
Foreign policy
An example of foreign policy is the interplay between civil liberties and the Patriot Act.

Healthcare policy
An example of healthcare policy is the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)
Welfare policy

An example of welfare policy is Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).
Provide a summary of this public policy.
Explain how three different factors shaped this public policy.

How do political factors shape this public policy?
Support your responses with at least one specific referenced example.
How do social factors shape this public policy?

Support your responses with at least one specific referenced example.
How do economic factors shape this public policy?
Support your responses with at least one specific referenced example.

Support your examples with information from the text and at least two, additional academic sources.
Your viewpoint and purpose should be clearly established and sustained.

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A conclusion.

The US Clean Air Act, passed in 1970 with strong bipartisan support, was the first environmental law to give the Federal government a serious regulatory role, established the architecture of the US air pollution control system, and became a model for subsequent environmental laws in the United States and globally. We outline the Act’s key provisions, as well as the main changes Congress has made to it over time. We assess the evolution of air pollution control policy under the Clean Air Act, with particular attention to the types of policy instruments used. We provide a generic assessment of the major types of policy instruments, and we trace and assess the historical evolution of EPA’s policy instrument use, with particular focus on the increased use of market-based policy instruments, beginning in the 1970s and culminating in the 1990s. Over the past fifty years, air pollution regulation has gradually become much more complex, and over the past twenty years, policy debates have become increasingly partisan and polarized, to the point that it has become impossible to amend the Act or pass other legislation to address the new threat of climate change.

Key findings
The Clean Air Act, passed with bipartisan support, was the first environmental law to give the Federal government a serious regulatory role, formed the structure of the US air pollution control system, and became a model for ensuing environmental laws.
The evolution of policy instruments over the past fifty years has been driven at various times by the emergence on the policy agenda of new problems, by innovation and experimentation by EPA, and by changes in the Clean Air Act itself.
Until roughly 2000, EPA made increasing use of market-based instruments, enabled in part by major amendments to the CAA in 1977 and 1990 that passed with overwhelming bipartisan support.
In more recent years, however, environmental policy has become more partisan, and debates more polarized, to the point that it has become virtually impossible to amend the Act or pass other legislation to address the new threat of climate change.
The climate effects of CO2 emissions are predicted to last for many centuries, so if this paralysis persists and U.S. inaction slows global reductions of emissions, the damage will likely be both profound and long lasting.

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