Contemporary Biology Module 10 – Essay Furious


Question 1

 

 

Instructions:

Open a Word document. Write your name and title the document Module 10. There are three (3) parts to this assignment. 

Let’s talk about what happens to the food we eat. Are you certain you know how your body absorbs nutrients from food? Well, just to be sure, let’s review. First, we will do a quick review of the anatomy of the digestive system. 

Part 1:

Go to IBD Clinic – How does digestion work – animation webpage, and listen to the explanation concerning the organs and their functions, of the human digestive system. 

Since eating is something we all do, it is important to know how our body processes the food we take in. But first, with the knowledge you have acquired from the interactive, let’s build a human digestive system. Go to the Human Body Interactive Quiz, follow the instructions, and select all the organs in the human silhouette. Take a print screen as soon as you are done to show the completion of your work. To obtain full credit, it should be above 80% correct. Copy the print screen to your Word document.

After you complete step 2, go to the Siemens website and review the human body. Scroll down and select “digestion’s overview” or the path of the “alimentary bolus”. Make sure to review the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines as well.

On the same website, go to “games” and select “power up your body” and complete the interactive.

What impressed you so far from the animation, the human body interactive quiz, or the power up your body interactive? Give details (Minimum 50 words)

Take the quiz that is on this website to test your knowledge about the digestive system. Do a print screen of the results. Your score should be a minimum of 7 questions right out of 8 to get full credit. Remember you can always re-take the test if you score lower than 7.

After reading Chapter 16, reviewing the digestive system, and viewing the material provided in the above link, take the self-assessment quiz in your online book. 

Ok, so we know how food goes in, and waste products come out, but let’s concentrate on what happens in between!  You see, our bodies have to obtain the chemical energy necessary for all cellular processes (cell diffusion, osmosis, cell transport, homeostasis, etc., etc.), the organic building blocks for macronutrients (carbohydrates, fats, and proteins), and additional essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals and, water), all from the food we eat!!  So, how do we make this happen? As our food is digested, the “stuff” that it needs is absorbed. Let’s take a look at how this works: Biology Digestion and Absorption.  NEED TO REPLACE THIS YOUTUBE VIDEO

Crazy, right? I mean we just eat and don’t think about this complex process that our bodies go through as they try to get the essential nutrients our bodies need to keep us going!  Let’s look at a specific example, ok?  Let’s take protein for example. We have all heard that we need to eat protein, right?  Well, what exactly is protein? It is actually a macromolecule (big molecule) that is made up of smaller molecules called amino acids. Some proteins are made of a chain of only 3 amino acids, while others are made of chains of more than a thousand amino acids. The FDA has information that tells you even more about amino acids and proteins: FDA Interactive Nutrition Fact Label Website 

Part 2:

Using the above link, answer the following questions in YOUR OWN WORDS:

What is protein?

How many amino acids are there?

What do amino acids do?

What are the two categories of amino acids?

Which category of amino acids has to be obtained from the food we eat?

Where is a protein found? (provide at least 3 examples)

What does protein do? (provide at least 3 examples)

What can happen if we eat less processed meat?

Name and explain the three types of dietary proteins.

What is the daily value for protein – based on a 2,000 calorie-a-day diet? 

There are two (2) additional macronutrients that are essential for the human body to function properly –carbohydrates (carbs) and lipids (fats).  

Using the FDA Interactive Nutrition Fact Label, answer the following questions in YOUR OWN WORDS: 

What are carbohydrates?

List four types of carbohydrates.

Where are carbohydrates found?

What do carbohydrates do?

What can happen if we eat less sugar and more dietary fiber?

What is the daily value for carbohydrates – based on a 2,000 calorie-a-day diet?

According to the FDA, what are two action steps for monitoring total carbohydrates in your diet? 

 

Answer the following questions concerning Saturated fats. 

What can saturated fat do?

What is saturated fat?

Where are saturated fats found? (provide at least 3 examples)

According to the FA, what are two action steps for reducing saturated fat in your diet?

What do the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend regarding consuming saturated fats?

What is the daily value for saturated fats – based on a 2,000 calorie-a-day diet? 

Using the FDA Interactive Nutrition Fact Label answer the following questions concerning Unsaturated fats. 

What can unsaturated fats do?

What are unsaturated fats?

Where are monounsaturated fats found? (provide at least 3 examples)

Where are polyunsaturated fats found? (provide at least 3 examples)

According to the FDA, what are some action steps for replacing saturated fat with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats in your diet?

What can happen if we eat unsaturated fats in place of saturated fats?

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends consuming what percentage of your calories per day from saturated fat? 

Additional websites that you can use as references for Part 3:

USDA. Choosemyplate.gov

How is fat stored in the body? NEED TO REPLACE YOUTUBE VIDEO

How do carbohydrates impact your health? NEED TO REPLACE YOUTUBE VIDEO

Making and Storing Fat (Links to an external site.) LINK displays PAGE NOT FOUND ERROR

 

Part 3:

Coincidentally 🙂 while working on this assignment, you receive a phone call from two of your best friends asking you if they and their kid could come to your house for dinner tonight.  Of course, you say yes, because you would like to find if they already knew this stuff about the digestive system! You even promise to cook, instead of ordering out!  And . . . you have decided that what you will be serving a “balanced meal.”

Now, imagine you are in your kitchen and you are preparing a “balanced meal”. Pay attention to their age, and the number of calories and servings. Open the “how to plan healthy and nutritious meals? (YouTube Video), (NEED TO REPLACE YOUTUBE VIDEO) then review the estimated calorie needs per day by age, gender, and physical activity level Download the estimated calorie needs per day by age, gender, and physical activity level, and the food groups in the Let’s Eat Healthy Website. Then start cooking the balanced meal!

In your word document, under Part 3, write:

The kid’s age, calorie level, gender, and physical activity level.

The explanation you gave your friends about the meaning of a balanced meal. Make sure you give them details. (minimum 50 words)

Write one menu that comprises the five categories for the balanced dinner (fruits, grains, vegetables, proteins, and dairy). You could create several dishes or just one dish comprising the five categories. Explain the nutritional components in each of your selections.

Finally, choose one day of your week and take a picture of what you have for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Include the 3 pictures in your Word file

Investigate online what essential nutrients you ate during those 3 meals and write your answers in the word document.

 

 

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