Exploring EHRs (Electronic Health Records) » Essay Furious


Exploring EHRs (Electronic Health Records)
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June 25, 2020


Exploring EHRs (Electronic Health Records)
In 2012, The U.S.A Supreme Court made the use of EHRs mandatory, and this was constitutionally supported by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This entirely took effect in 2014 with the facilities fully incorporating the use of EHRs receiving a higher reimbursement rate of Medicare. Since its use, the quality of care has improved enormously (Kelley, 2016). This paper aims at describing Electronic health records, its composition, functions, and variations in different clinical settings.
Electronic Health Records is a digital version of a patient’s chart but with more information and ability to share data amongst different authorized care providers in real-time. The data in EHR is highly patient-centered and secured. Other than this, EHR is fully equipped with the capability to allow access to evidence-based tools by health care practitioners, which help in enhanced decision making in the delivery of quality care. In the long run, EHR helps in the automation and streamlining of clinical workflow, and the results are the reduction of medical errors and the cost of treatment. The capability of patient digital data sharing is one key aspect of EHR systems. Sharing is limited to only authorized entities like emergency facilities, pharmacies, specialists, medical clinics, among others (Wu, 2019).
Just like patient charts, the EHR contains patient medical records and treatment histories. Other contents documented in EHRs include diagnoses and current medications, the treatment plans the patients have undergone, records of patient information, laboratory test results, patient drug-drug interactions and allergies, and radiology images, patients’ demographic information, contact, and insurance information. All this data is collected at the report desk or during interaction with the care provider but integrated into one system. With such massive data sets received, EHR plays a variety of functions in the management of care in health setups (Kelley, 2016).
EHR plays a significant role in securely identifying maintaining patient records. This reduces repetitive action of data retrieval and eliminates errors that may occur in case treatment is given in states where the patient is incapable of talking e.g., in a coma. It also helps in the management of patient demographics as well as in the management of patient problem lists. EHR allows the utility of medication and patient history. The digital nature of EHR allows the easy and quick management of clinical results, thus increasing efficiency and safety by identifying preferred treatment plans and medical problems. The ability to display previous results in the databases reduces redundancy and avoids the need to conduct unnecessary tests (Abbott et al., 2015). The function of order management in EHR help increase workflow efficiency by eliminating the likelihood of loss of order and ambiguities. EHR also plays the role of clinical decision support, including preventive schemes, drug prescriptions, identification f probable adverse effects, and diagnosis of ailments. Evidence support tools incorporated in EHR also help in critical decision making. Administrative support is another crucial function of EHRs, and this includes activities of hospital admission, patient procedures, and visits. It also helps in billing and claims management through the elimination of data loss, confusion, or delays. Insurance data validation is also made possible by EHRs. EHRs also allow communication and connectivity among care partners, thus eliminating the likelihood of adverse events. Finally, EHRs enhance patient support through patient-centered education and patient monitoring, among others (Carpenito, 2017; Kelley, 2016).
Clinical settings tend to determine the extent of EHRs based on the data needed by that particular setup. A bigger health facility with numerous specialists and massive patient flow requires a robust EHRs that can hold multiple data and allow sharing among the care providers. Cost is another variant that determines the type of EHR as well as the hosting. Cloud-based systems tend to be more diverse and costlier due to the need for domain maintenance, selection of best and secure server is usually top priority since patient privacy is critical. On the other hand, studies show that different practitioner document different data in EHR systems which also contribute to the available variance of the systems.

Exploring EHRs (Electronic Health Records)

References
Abbott, A. A., Fuji, K. T., & Galt, K. A. (2015). A Qualitative Case Study Exploring Nurse Engagement with Electronic Health Records and E-Prescribing. (Western journal of nursing research.)
Bani-Issa, W., Al, Y. N., Al, M. I. K., & Ibrahim, A. (January 01, 2016). Satisfaction of health-care providers with electronic health records and perceived barriers to its implementation in the United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 22, 4, 408-16.
Carpenito, L. J. (2017). Nursing care plans: Transitional patient & family centered care.
Kelley, T. (2016). Electronic health records for quality nursing & health care.
Wu, P. (2019). Machine Learning Methods for Personalized Medicine Using Electronic Health Records.

Exploring EHRs (Electronic Health Records)

Question
The purpose of this assignment is to become familiar with components of EHRs.

In a 500-750 word essay, describe the components of EHRs. Include the following:

Define EHR.
Describe information found in an EHR.
Describe the core functions of an EHR.
Explain how an EHR varies by clinical setting.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
Exploring EHRs (Electronic Health Records)

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