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GCC March and Great Society Discussion


This discussion has two parts.  Be sue to complete all parts of the discussion and also include a comment on a colleague’s work.  Your total writing should be at least 300 words.

Part 1:  March!

Answer two questions from the

March Book 2

handout and two questions from the

March Book 3

handout.  Spread your choices out!

Part 2:

What did you find most interesting about the lessons JFK to Gulf of Tonkin and Great Society?

Dr. Utgaard
Modern American History
The March trilogy is a key part of our course. We will use it
for two of our weekly discussions and you will also write a
paper on the book. The paper assignment appears at the end of
this document. For each book, you will find it helpful to
answer the questions on the handout as read.
March: Book One
By John Lewis, Andrew Aydin, and Nate Powell
Identify the following people and terms and answer the
questions listed below:
What was John Lewis’ economic and religious background growing
up in rural Alabama?
In 1951 John Lewis made his first trip north with his
uncle. What challenges did they face in their drive north and
what impact did the visit have on Lewis?
Who was Emmitt Till?
Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr. (MLK) and the Montgomery Bus
What was the social gospel Lewis learned at Baptist seminary in
Nashville, Tennessee?
What happened with Lewis’ plan to integrate Troy State
What did Lewis learn from Jim Lawson? Describe the training of
the young activists as they prepared for action.
Why did the activists target the lunch counters in Nashville?
What kind of response did the lunch counter sit-ins receive in
What kind of attention did the sit-ins generate?
What were some of the generational differences within the
What was SNCC?
How did the mayor of Nashville’s stance change towards
March: Book Two
By John Lewis, Andrew Aydin, and Nate Powell
Identify the following people and terms and answer the questions
listed below:
Describe the efforts of Lewis and the activists to integrate
fast-food restaurants and movie theaters in Nashville.
What were the freedom rides and why were they more dangerous
than the Nashville sit-ins?
What was CORE?
Why did John Lewis leave the freedom ride?
Who was Bull Connor?
To what degree did the Kennedy administration support the
freedom rides? Who was John Seigenthaler?
Martin Luther King in Montgomery
Jackson, Mississippi
Describe the interaction between John Lewis and Attorney
General, Robert Kennedy
Mississippi compared to Alabama
Describe life and the resistance of the activists in the
Mississippi State Prison
Voting Rights and SNCC’s split
Conditions in Mississippi in 1961
How were both the tactics and stance of SNCC changing in 1962?
Who was James Meredith?
Who was George Wallace?
How did civil rights activists turn Bull Connor’s brutality to
their advantage in 1963?
Who was Medgar Evers?
Limitations of Kennedy’s proposed Civil Rights Bill
Planning for the March on Washington and the role of Philip
Randolph and Bayard Rustin
How and why did John Lewis change his speech at the March on
Washington on 28 August 1963?
How was John Lewis’ speech different from the famous Martin
Luther King “I Have a Dream” speech on that day?
What happened at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham,
Alabama on 15 September 1963?
March: Book Three
By John Lewis, Andrew Aydin, and Nate Powell
Identify the following people and terms and answer the questions
listed below:
What happened in Birmingham after the bombing of the 16th Street
Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama on 15 September 1963?
Where is Selma?
Who is Jim Clark?
What was SNCC’s goal in Selma?
How specifically was the right to vote denied to African
Americans in the Jim Crow South?
What happened on Freedom Day, 7 October 1963?
What protest did Bob Moses and Al Lowenstein plan for
Who was Fannie Lou Hamer?
What happened on November 22, 1963
What was President Lyndon B. Johnson’s (LBJ) stance on
Kennedy’s proposed civil rights bill? How did young activists
like John Lewis view LBJ?
What was the SNCC plan for the election year of 1964?
How did the state officials in Mississippi respond to SNCC’s
plans for Freedom Summer in 1964?
What happened to Mickey Schwerner, Andy Goodman, and James
Chaney? How did Mississippi authorities respond? What was the
national response?
Why was the Civil Rights Act of 1964 a milestone, but also seen
as insufficient by Lewis?
What was the difference between the Rockefeller and Goldwater
wings of the Republican Party? Who won the nomination in 1964?
What happened at the 1964 Democratic National Convention? Why
does Lewis view the 64 convention as a turning point for the
What impact did his extensive trip to African countries have on
John Lewis? What challenges did SNCC face in late 1964?
Why did Selma become the focal point for action in 1965? Why
did MLK’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) take
the lead there?
How was Malcom X different than most civil rights
activists? What happened to him in 1965?
Why did SNCC have reservations about MLK and the SCLC’s decision
to march from Selma to Montgomery? Why did Lewis join the march
on Selma?
What was so important about Bloody Sunday, 7 March 1965?
What was so important about Lyndon Johnson’s speech after
Bloody Sunday?
6 August 1965, Voting Rights Act
Why do the authors repeatedly make reference to the inauguration
of Barack Obama in January 2009?
Paper Assignment (100 points)
Due on Sunday 22 May
Write a 2.5- to 3-page paper on the prompt below. Your paper
must include at least six examples. You must include examples
from books 1, 2, and 3. You may choose to include visual
analysis in your examples. Use parenthetical citations
indicating the book and page number. For example:
When the sheriff in Selma was released from the hospital, he
wore a button that said “Never.” (Book 3/171-172)
Paper Question: As revealed in the March trilogy, describe the
tools of oppression used to deny African Americans their civil
and political rights. You may wish to consider the role of
political leaders, law enforcement, the courts, businesses,
every-day racists, etc.

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