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Answer
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Option 2 : Diphosphorus Phosphate
How Many Covalent Bonds Could this Element Make?
Diphosphorus Pentoxide with the empirical formula P2O4 is a chemical compound originating from phosphorus pentoxide, a compound whose molecular formula is P4O10. The solid is white and crystalline and is an anhydride that is mainly derived from phosphoric acid. Phosphorus pentoxide is a powerful dehydrating and desiccant agent. The element crystallizes in close to four forms. The element is a covalent bond with weak van der Waals forces holding the molecules in place in a hexagonal lattice containing five covalent bonds. Diphosphorus Pentoxide has four double bonds and one single bond between oxygen and phosphorus. Crystalline packing proves not as close despite the high symmetry of the molecules.

How Many Unpaired Electrons are Present?
Diphosphorus pentoxide does not have an unpaired electron.This is because all the phosphorus bonds are fully oxidized hence no idol valence electrons (Guo et al., 2016). Each phosphorus atom needs five bonds, which is achieved by the three oxygen atoms in each phosphorus atom. In other words, the five Oxygen atoms are spread evenly among the two phosphorus atoms making all the atoms bonded to the phosphorus, thus ensuring all the particles get paired.

Could this Element Participate in a Double or Triple Bond?
The Diphosphorus pentoxide is able to create double bonds specifically because the carbon molecules in the structure of Diphosphorus pentoxide is situated at the corner of hydrogen particles connected to carbon molecule. The Diphosphorus pentoxide further has a total of 16 bonds in which four are double bonds, four are multiple bonds, and four are six-membered rings (Chen et al., 2018). A further three elements form eight-membered rings, in which four are thiophosphates/phosphates.

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References
Guo, L., Zhao, Y., & Yao, Z. (2016). Mechanical mixtures of metal oxides and phosphorus pentoxide as novel precursors for the synthesis of transition metal phosphides. Dalton Transactions, 45(3), 1225-1232.
Chen, X., Liu, Q., Zhang, M., Ju, H., Zhu, J., Qiao, Q., … & Yang, S. (2018). Noncovalent phosphorylation of graphene oxide with improved hole transport in high-efficiency polymer solar cells. Nanoscale, 10(31), 14840-14846.

Question
Respond to a peer’s option 1 post and research/discuss one of their chemical compounds. Using the naming rules we learned in class, walk us through each step.
2. Pick a peer’s option 2 post and answer each of the following questions:

o
 How many unpaired electrons are present?
 How many covalent bonds could this element make?
 Could this element participate in a double or triple bond? Why or why not?
Writing Requirements
• Minimum of 3 posts (1 initial & 2 follow-up)
• APA format for in-text citations and list of references

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